Posts Tagged ‘diabetes mellitus’
One of the most recognized disease today is diabetes. This disease is divided into two types: Insipidus and Mellitus. The former is less known and is not related to excessive levels of blood sugar, but the constant removal of urine and the need to stay hydrated at all times.
In the case of Diabetes Mellitus, the best known worldwide, occurs in patients who have a high blood glucose level. This is due to the lack of insulin, the hormone that works for the sugar to enter body cells. Diabetes requires treatment and observation by a specialist.
It should also be aware that this type of disease, Diabetes Mellitus, causing many cases of stroke and coronary problems. This is because the ailment seriously alters the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates.
In the latter case, the hyperglycemia is less severe than in the rest.
The diet can not cure diabetes but better control and therefore the dietary treatment should take place throughout life.
Should be low in saturated fat, high fiber, balanced, individualized, depending on individual characteristics, lifestyle and specific treatment (insulin or drugs).
With regard to dietary fiber has been shown that it is beneficial for the dietary management of diabetes mellitus, decreasing the rate of absorption of carbohydrates in the diet, avoiding abrupt elevations in blood glucose after eating fiber-rich foods taken together with foods containing sugars quick absorption, reduce the overall rate of absorption of sugars from food, and therefore can include more variety of foods in the diabetic diet.
For example: juice fasting rapidly increases blood sugar levels, while taken at breakfast, with yogurt and nuts, its rate of absorption is reduced considerably.
They are high-fiber foods: salads, vegetables and whole cooked vegetables, whole fruits, nuts and whole grains.
Diabetes is a chronic disease which causes an alteration in the utilization of sugars due to a partial or total deficiency of the hormone insulin or does not fulfill this function.
Insulin allows sugar to enter cells to be used as an energy source, if this is weak or wrong, sugars accumulate in the blood, producing what is called hyperglycemia (levels above the normal sugar-glucose in the blood).
Spain is estimated that 3-5% of the population is diabetic, of whom the majority suffer from diabetes called Type II or adult (non-insulin dependent), and a lesser proportion (15%), diabetes type I or child (precise insulin delivery).
However, there are other types of diabetes: type mody (start in childhood but with characteristics of the adult), pregestational and gestational diabetes (incidence during pregnancy), diabetes III (starts in adults such as R and evolves as the II), diabetes secondary to organic disorders or disease of the pancreas, thyroid, adrenals, and carbohydrate intolerance.